Turkey Historical Review
|330||The city of Constantinople is founded by Constantin the Great.
The city becomes the capital of the Byzantine Empire.
|1204||The fall of Constantinople.|
|1301||The Ottomans overthrow Byzantium.
The beginning of the Ottoman Empire.
|1914||Turkey joins the First World War on the side of Germany.|
|1923||The overthrow of the Ottomans by Mustafa Kemal (Attaturk) (The Attaturk regime - up until 1938).|
|1950||First elections held in Turkey.|
|1951||Turkey joins NATO.|
|1974||Turkey invades Cyprus.|
|1991||Suleiman Demiral as head of State.|
|1993||The first woman, Ms. Tansu Ciller, serves as Prime Minister.|
|1996||Turkey signs the Customs Union agreement with the EU.
The Islamic Party wins the elections.
|1997||Government reverts to the secular coalition.|
|1998||The Islamic Party is declared illegal.|
|1999||Earthquake. Some 17,000 victims.|