|1201||The Crusaders invade the Baltic Region|
|1236 - 63||The ruler, Mindaugas, unites the small principalities into one strong state.|
|1251||Mindaugas is baptized and adopts Christianity.
He is declared King of Lithuania
|1410||Lithuania and Poland rout the knights at the Battle of Zalgiris.|
|1522||The first printing house is founded in Lithuania.|
|1547||Protestantism extends its influence in Lithuania.|
|1569||Union of Poland and Lithuania.|
|1579||The University of Lithuania is founded.|
|1656 - 60||The Lithuanian - Swedish war.|
|1709 - 1710||The Great Plague in Lithuania.|
|1795||Lithuania is carved up and annexed to Russia.|
|1812||Napoleon invades Lithuania.|
|1831||Rebellion in Lithuania against annexation to Russia.|
|1863||Another anti - Russian rebellion.|
|1864 - 1904||The introduction of the Russian alphabet.
Use of the Latin alphabet is forbidden.
|1915||Germany captures Lithuania.|
|1918||Lithuania declares independence.|
|1919||Poland captures Eastern Lithuania including Vilnius, the capital city.|
|1922||Lithuania declares itself a parliamentary republic.
The house of representatives is known as the Siemas.
|1939||The Nazi - Soviet pact allows Russian control of the 3 Baltic States.|
|1940||Lithuania is captured by Germany and again annexed to the Soviet Union in 1944.|
|1990||Lithuania declares independence from Russia.|
|1991||Lithuania joins the UN.|
|1993||Lithuania joins the Council of Europe.|
|2004||Lithuania will become a member of the EU and NATO.|