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Serbia Income Taxes and Tax Laws












Last partial update, May 2014
Previous 2006 article written by Branka Buric


Serbia Income Taxes 2014
  • An individual's salary and business income is taxable at the rate of 10%.
  • Exemptions are granted to taxpayers with specific types of income.
  • The standard rate of tax for a corporation in 2014 is 15%.
Individual Income Tax in Serbia
  • An individual in Serbia is liable for tax on his income as an employee, when the tax rate is 10%, and on income as a self-employed person, when the tax rate is 10%.
    In the case of an individual who is a "permanent resident" of Serbia, tax will be calculated on his income earned in Serbia and overseas.
    A foreign resident pays tax only on his income in Serbia.
  • A resident is any individual who resides on the territory of Serbia for at least 183 consecutive days in a 12 month period that begins or ends in the calendar tax year.
  • An employer is obligated to withhold, immediately, each month, the amount of income tax and contributions from a salaried worker.
  • Certain payments are deducted from taxable income, as will be specified further.
  • Income from yield on investments (capital) in Serbia is taxed at the rate of 15%.
  • Income from lease of real estate in Serbia and royalties are taxed at the rate of 20%.


Corporate Tax in Serbia
  • The standard rate of corporate tax in 2014 in Serbia is 15%, one of the lowest in Europe.
  • There are a number of tax incentives for newly formed companies, for those that employ a certain number of new employees, as well as for those that employ workers above a certain age (who have been registered with the Employment Bureau, at least three months prior to their recruitment).




Types of Corporations in Serbia

In Serbia, the following are acceptable forms of incorporation:
  • Stock company
  • Limited liability company
  • General partnership
  • Limited partnership
  • Socially owned enterprise
  • Public enterprise




Serbia Capital Gains
  • Capital gains of resident companies and individuals in Serbia are taxed at the rate of 15%.


Reporting Dates and Payment in Serbia

  • The competent tax office issues a general public notice, by December 31 each year, calling citizens to file their tax declaration. This does not apply to those citizens whose income is taxed at source, through withholding tax.
  • Payers of annual individual income tax (surtax of 10% for those whose total income exceeds four annual average salaries) file a tax declaration no later than March 15 of the following year.
  • Sole proprietors who keep books file the tax declaration by March 15 of the following year.
  • Sole proprietors who do not keep books, i.e. who pay lump sum tax have to file their tax declaration by January 31 of the year for which the tax is levied.
  • Taxpayers who earns revenues from capital gains and other revenues on which withholding tax is not payable, is obligated to file their tax declaration within 15 days from the date of starting to earn the revenues.
  • Any payer of tax on the revenue from real estate, as well as any payer of tax on the revenue from leasing out chattels, is obligated to file a tax declaration also when withholding tax is payable, within 15 days from the date of lease or sub-lease.
  • The tax due must be paid within 15 days.


Deduction of Tax at Source in Serbia

Withholding taxes (paid at its source) are charged for payments to non-residents:
  1. Dividends - 20%
  2. Interest - 20%
  3. Royalties - 20%
  4. Technical Fees -0%
Comments:
  • Deduction at source for payments to foreign residents is subject to the Double Taxation Prevention Treaty.


  • Social Security in Serbia

    All employers and employees, as well as the self employed are liable for paying mandatory social contributions.
  • Employer - 19.9% (pension disability insurance -13%, health insurance 6.15% and unemployment contributions - 0.75%)
  • Employee - 19.9% (pension disability insurance -13%, health insurance 6.15% and unemployment contributions - 0.75%)







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