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Germany Area and Population











The Federal Republic of Germany covers an area of approximately 357,000 square kilometers. The land area is divided into agricultural land - approximately 54.1%, forest - approximately 29.4% and built up areas - approximately 11.8%, A zero increase in population rate was been recorded in recent years, an average decrease of 0.1%.


Germany borders the following countries:
To the west - France, Luxembourg, Belgium and Holland: to the east - Austria, the Czech Republic and Poland: to the north - Denmark (both the North Sea and the Baltic Sea have shores on the northern border): to the south - Switzerland and Austria. Germany is divided into the following 16 federal states which are listed alphabetically with the capital city of each state in brackets:

Federal States: Baden-Wuerttemberg (Stuttgart), Bavaria (Munich), Berlin , Brandenburg (Potsdam), Bremen, (Hamburg), Hesse (Wiesbaden), Lower Saxony (Hanover), Mecklenburg - Vorpornmern (Schwerin), North Rhine - Westphalia (Dusseldorf), Rhineland - Palatinate (Mainz), Saarland (Saarbruecken) Saxony (Dresden), Saxony - Anhalt (Magdeburg). Schleswig - Holstein (Kiel) Thuringia (Erfurt).

Germany has a population of 82.16 million (1999), of whom 33% are Roman Catholics and 33% Protestants. Some 67 million live in West Germany and the remainder in the former East Germany.

The official language is German but English is widely spoken and understood by a considerable number of Germans. Children start learning English early in classrooms.
They use many methods to learn vocabulary and grammar, including flashcards and interactive communication.

Germany is comparatively densely populated compared to the norm in the European Union, 230 people per square kilometer compared with a European Union average of 116.

A combination of medical progress that increases the average life expectancy and a comparatively low birth rate has contributed to an increase in the average age of the population. It is estimated that in another few years, the number of residents over the age of 65 will be greater than the number of residents under the age of 15.








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